Hamsa & Fibula - Signs of Morocco

Nothing better than some knowledge about Morocco and Signs signification. In this post, we chose to focus on the two main ones, Fibula & Hamsa.

Hamsa is mainly from North-Africa, while Fibula is specifically from Tiznit, Southern Morocco. This region is well-known for silver jewelry. In the Anti-Atlas mountains, wearing fibula and Hamsa is a tradition, women wear them for celebrations and weddings. The design is unique to the region and has inspired many jewelry creators for decades.

Fibula and Hamsa are deeply anchored in Berber customs. Berbers are mainly present in North-Africa, they are the pre-Arab inhabitants. North African Indigenous tribes, they have their own languages, own traditions, own identity. Moroccan identity is highly inspired by Berber culture. 

Hamsa from Arabic word "five" is a symbol of protection from evil eye. It is very popular in the Middle East and North Africa. A good-luck symbol, it brings happiness to the person wearing it. You need to believe in "Supreme Power" to feel the protection. In fact, Hamsa pushes away all negative vibes. 

The fibula is a symbol of women shape and fertility. It decorates traditional dresses, holds garments in place and helps attach different layers of fabrics. Mainly worn by Berber brides, it reflects the purity of the bride as well as her power for reproduction.

Photo Credits to :

  • Jacques et Marie-Rose Rabaté, Bijoux du Maroc, 1996
  • Office National Marocain du Tourisme (ONMT)
  • Mission Universitaire et culturelle Francaise au Maroc
  • Photographies de Bertrand, Marrakech, 
  • Photographies Jean Besancenot, Institut du monde arabe, Paris
  • Photographies André Goldenberg